Disorders of the brain, a health condition much like heart disease or diabetes.
Causes can include birth trauma, structural issues and chemical imbalances related to the brain, and other biological, social and environmental factors.
Millions of people are affected.
MENTAL HEALTH DISORDERS ARE TREATABLE AND TREATMENT IS EFFECTIVE FOR MANY PEOPLE, HELPING THEM TO LEAD PRODUCTIVE LIVES.
Clinical depression is a serious medical illness affecting millions of Americans. Each year more than 11 million people suffer from this illness, which is as common as it is misunderstood. National Institute of Mental Health studies have found that more than twice as many women than men suffer from clinical depression - 25% of women and 10% of men will suffer one or more episodes of clinical depression during their lifetimes. Women, however, are more likely to admit their symptoms and seek treatment.
A person who has both an alcohol or drug problem and an emotional/psychiatric problem is said to have a co-occurring disorder. To recover fully, the person needs treatment for both problems.
Bipolar Disorder, also known as manic depression, is a mental health disorder involving extreme mood swings. A persons mood can swing from mania, an excessive high to a deep depression, with periods of normal mood in between. The length of each mood can vary from days to months. More than 2.5 million Americans have the disorder. Studies show that 80-90% of those with bipolar disorder have relatives with some form of depression. Bipolar disorder can be triggered by this genetic vulnerability and environmental factors.
Schizophrenia affects 2.5 million persons in the United States and knows no racial, cultural or economic boundaries. It is a mental health disorder that affects the way a person thinks, feels and acts. The person may have trouble concentrating or organizing thoughts, expresses inappropriate emotions or is unable to express emotions at all.
Anxiety disorders are the most common and treatable mental health disorders, affecting more than 19 million people a year. There is a difference between everyday anxiety and anxiety disorders. People with anxiety disorders feel significant tension when there is no real danger and take extreme action to avoid the source of their anxiety. They know their reactions arent always logical but cannot control them. As with all mental health disorders, they can interfere with everyday functioning in life and work roles.